Expertise documents

The fructophilic yeast to rescue stuck fermentations

Uvaferm 43

The ability of wine yeast to consume fructose.

Article written by Ann Dumont, Céline Raynal, Françoise Raginel & Anne Ortiz-Julien Research has shown how certain fermentation conditions, such as nutritional deficiencies, high initial levels of sugar, and the presence of inhibiting compounds, can lead to fermentation problems. Under oenological conditions, the main sugars fermentable by Saccharomyces cerevisiae are glucose and fructose. Both of these hexoses are generally present in musts in equivalent quantities, but the proportions may vary in some musts. S. cerevisiae prefers to consume glucose, which ex -plains why, when fermentations become stuck, the remaining sugar is mainly fructose. The frequency of stuck fermentations showing residual fructose raises the question of the ability of yeast to consume this hexose.  The kinetics of sugar utilization by S. cerevisiae during fermentation is largely driven by sugar transport, and glucose is typically consumed at a faster rate than fructose. In sluggish fermentations, the maximal rate of fermentation is reduced after most of the glucose is consumed, and fermentation can become stuck with a significant con-centration of fructose remaining. Please click on the link below for an in-depth explanation of this topic. Ability of Wine Yeast to Consume Fructose

A non-fermentative yeast, the new LEVEL2 INITIA

A yeast that reduces sulphites in wines

Implemented, for the first time on a large scale, during the recent northern hemisphere harvest, LEVEL2 INITIA, a non-fermentative yeast which consumes oxygen, has proved to be very interesting in reducing sulphites. For the vinification of wines without sulphites or with reduced doses sulphites, winegrowers have a new weapon: LEVEL2 INITIA. This non - Saccharomyces yeast , selected by Lallemand in partnership with the Institut Français de la Vigne et du Vin (IFV) and distributed by the Institut Coopératif du Vin (ICV), showed promising results during the last harvest. To read the French article about the winemaker's experiences please click on the link below (remember to translate it to English when asked):

Also a yeast for bioprotection.

The pre-fermentation phase during the vinification of white and rosé wines significantly increases the quality of the wines, but also carries the risk of oxidation and the development of spoilage microorganisms. These risks may result in loss of quality. In recent years, changes in winemaking practices, regulations and consumer demand have resulted in a significant decrease in the use of sulphites. Increasingly, winemakers are considering bioprotection of musts using non-Saccharomyces yeast. Each species of these yeast has its own specific contribution and differences between strains can also be observed within the same species. For more information on this new exciting product please click on the link below: Level2 Initia Article Wineland December 2021  

Selected wine-making bacteria MBR ™: performance and adaptability for successful MLF’s

MBR Process Direct Inoculation

#Innovation  #Microbiology  #Fermentations Theme in the spotlight during the very first Lallemand Screen Tour, the choice of the selected wine bacteria is an essential parameter for the realization of Malolactic Fermentations (MLF) in the technical itinerary. Lallemand Oenology has been working for many years to produce selected high-quality wine bacteria and has developed cutting-edge processes for this, including the MBR ™ process. To read more, please click on the link below. MBR Process


NoBrett Inside

Brettanomyces bruxellensis constitutes a permanent threat to the quality of wines. These wine alteration yeasts can develop in difficult environments and at any time during the life of a wine, but particularly during the aging phase. Different means are currently used to fight against Brettanomyces, with varying degrees of success. However,...... NBI Chitosan - JMH ENG  

Maintain oxidative stability of whites during aging.

Oxidative Stability

In order to maintain oxidative stability of whites during aging is a real challenge.  This particular study evaluated the antioxidant activities of soluble extracts of a number of oenological yeast derivatives with increased glutathione (GSH) enrichment.  The specific GSH enriched derivatives showed to be on average 3,3 times more efficient in “scavenging” radical species in comparison to the non-enriched derivatives.  This research opened up new insights into the analysis and development of yeast preparations dedicated to improve oxidative stability of wines.  

2020 FC Bahut Antioxidant activity from inactivated yeast Expanding knowledge beyond the GSH related oxydative stability of wine (002)

GLUTASTAR Oxidative stability of white rosé wines Wineland November 2019