Expertise documents

Micro agglomeration & bioavailability of sterols – the revolutionary wine yeast protector

Faster Yeast Rehydration   🍷The impact on the fermentation process and final wine quality are now greater due to climate change, with higher sugar/ethanol contents, higher pH’s, off-flavours caused by yeast stress, sluggish or stuck fermentations and higher microbial contaminants. It is now crucial to select wine yeast in dry form (ADY) in the optimal physiological state to have healthy and active populations capable of completing alcoholic fermentation. 🔬Over the last 20 years, scientific information on yeast nutrition management in winemaking has significantly increased. The role of key nutrients, such as nitrogen sources, oxygen and micronutrients like vitamins and minerals, have been the subject of research and publications,5,1,7 showing their impact on fermentative activity and wine sensory profile. 🔬In parallel, specific research has focused on how sterols influence yeast’s physiological state and metabolism and how it was directly correlated with a secure end of fermentation.7,4,6 It has been shown that using specific yeast autolysates rich in sterols during the rehydration step of the ADY increases the fermentation activity and vitality during fermentation, particularly in the last part, when alcohol levels become toxic for the yeasts. This is related to improving yeast cell stress resistance correlated with better membrane integrity. 🍷ADY rehydrated with protectors (Go-Ferm Protect™/Go-Ferm Protect Evolution™) maintains their viability and vitality until the end of fermentation, decreasing the risk of stuck or sluggish fermentations, avoiding undesirable aroma production, and resulting in an increase of the aroma compound synthesis by the yeast with the protectors. The incorporation of the sterols in the ADY rehydrated with protector leads to an increase in their membrane lipid composition and healthier cell membrane. The protector effect is notable at different temperatures, high potential alcohol, lack of oxygen or low turbidity in white and rosés. This article was published in the November issue of the WineLand magazine. Read the full article at the link below: Micro agglomeration bioavailability of sterols  


Optimise wine yeast nutrition with StimulaTM

Winemakers face many challenges associated with climate changes. Better quality nutrients are required to overcome those issues. Higher sugars and pHs can lead to a higher level of contaminants, and specific nutrients can assist to manage the alcoholic fermentation (AF). Research has shown that a well-balanced organic nutrition can increase yeast viability and vitality, improves wine aromatic expression due to optimized assimilation. The timing of addition of key nutrients will optimize varietal aromatics expression. To read more, please click on the link below. UI Stimula Cabernet - ENG (002)

Product Catalogue 2023/2024

Product Catalogue 2023 / 2024

  Dear customer the latest Lallemand SA product catalogue is availably. Kindly requests your copy from your relevant Technical Sales Managers. The digital copy is available at the link below. Katalogus 2023 2024R  

The fructophilic yeast to rescue stuck fermentations

Uvaferm 43

The ability of wine yeast to consume fructose.

Article written by Ann Dumont, Céline Raynal, Françoise Raginel & Anne Ortiz-Julien Research has shown how certain fermentation conditions, such as nutritional deficiencies, high initial levels of sugar, and the presence of inhibiting compounds, can lead to fermentation problems. Under oenological conditions, the main sugars fermentable by Saccharomyces cerevisiae are glucose and fructose. Both of these hexoses are generally present in musts in equivalent quantities, but the proportions may vary in some musts. S. cerevisiae prefers to consume glucose, which ex -plains why, when fermentations become stuck, the remaining sugar is mainly fructose. The frequency of stuck fermentations showing residual fructose raises the question of the ability of yeast to consume this hexose.  The kinetics of sugar utilization by S. cerevisiae during fermentation is largely driven by sugar transport, and glucose is typically consumed at a faster rate than fructose. In sluggish fermentations, the maximal rate of fermentation is reduced after most of the glucose is consumed, and fermentation can become stuck with a significant con-centration of fructose remaining. Please click on the link below for an in-depth explanation of this topic. Ability of Wine Yeast to Consume Fructose


Bacteria Under Investigation

Co-inoculation is the practice of inoculating selected wine bacteria at the beginning of the winemaking process shortly after yeast inoculation, usually 24 to 48 hours after yeast inoculation. This technique is advantageous because not only will it secure the malolactic fermentation (MLF), but also because there are definite advantages that are recognized by winemakers and professionals. For a successful co-inoculation, some parameters are crucial for its success – choosing the right wine yeast, correctly rehydrated, good temperature management and the proper yeast nutrition strategy are keys point to integrate for any fermentations. Well-fed and heathly wine yeast and bacteria leads to complete and regular alcoholic and malolactic fermentations Based on 20 years of experiences, and from the results of many collaborations between Lallemand and research center from France, Spain, Italie, South Africa, Argentina and Germany has shown the benefits of co-inoculation with either Oenococcus oeni or Lactobacillus plantarum UI-Bacteria-1-co-inoculation-South Africa-2018