The topic of acetaldehyde is very interesting as this compound has SO2 binding properties. The proper choice of wine yeast and bacteria are key factors in determining the final levels of acetaldehyde produced. If SO2 concern is an issue, then choosing a yeast with low final acetaldehyde production such as the Lalvin ICV OKAY® is very important. Wine bacteria can also be an ally as they will use acetaldehyde during malolactic fermentation. If color is an issue, and since acetaldehyde can help stabilize color, then a yeast with medium to high production can be used. When co-inoculation of wine yeast and bacteria is preferred, the acetaldehyde production by the yeast is used by the wine bacteria during malolactic fermentation. A proper fermentation management and nutrition has also been shown to influence the concentration of this compounds, as well as judicious oxygen management. With more and more conscious effort to properly manage the SO2 levels in wines, knowing how the wine yeast and bacteria were characterized for acetaldehyde production becomes a valuable tool for winemakers. This ‘Wine Expert ‘ explores acetaldehyde management in winemaking